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  15. Based on over 313,000 US adult heart surgery patients. Data extracted using  ICD-9 codes from the 2010 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), from the DHHS Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP).
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  17. Presented at IARS 2015 Annual Meeting and International Science Symposium 03/21/2015.
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  19. Based on analysis of CMS Proposed FY 2015 impact life. Data may not be inclusive of all facilities included in P4P programs. Actual number of facilities receiving various combinations of HAC, VBP and readmissions adjustments may differ when final rule is released. http://www.advisory.com/research/care-transformation-center/care-transformation-center-blog/2014/06/fy-2015-ipps-impact-on-hac
  20. Baribeau, Y., Westbrook, B., et al. Active clearance of chest tubes is associated with
    reduced postoperative complications and costs after cardiac surgery: a propensity matched analysis. J
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